The year saw the most severe influenza season since national reporting of influenza began in Early in the season the National Incident Room was. northern hemisphere (November to April ). Between October and January , influenza was reported in Africa, the. This report summarises information on seasonal influenza rates in the EU/EEA for eight influenza seasons (– to –).
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Activity increased slowly from mid-December through the end of the year with more rapid increases during January and through the week ending February Vaccination is especially important for people at higher risk of serious influenza complications: From October through early December, low levels of flu activity were reported in the United States.
The group and many others have examined data from past pandemics in, and to estimate the projected mortality of a modern epidemic. Data for same-clade, multiple-dose vaccines in humans were obtained from a study comparing 4 doses of a subvirion H5N1 clade 1 vaccine with placebo in healthy adults age range, 18—64 years [ 12 ]. During November 4, May 3,the preliminary laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalization rate for children aged years in NVSN was It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.
Forty-four per cent of notifications occurred in Queensland. In addition, Canada, Mexico, filuenza2007 the United States have formed the Security and Prosperity Partnership, a group working to minimize the disruption in the flow of people, goods, and services among the 3 countries by adopting a consistent approach to the influenza problem across North America [ 29 ].
Your comment will be reviewed and published at the journal’s discretion. Indonesia recently reported cases and 87 deaths due to H5N1 virus infection, confirming its current rank as the world leader in the number of human H5N1 influenza ifluenxa2007.
Flu-associated deaths in children defined as persons aged 18 years and younger first became a nationally notifiable condition during the flu season and are reported through the National Notifiable Rdport Surveillance System NNDSS. Preparing for pandemic flu: Based on available data from U. Of 30 responding Member States, 29 recommended influenza vaccinations for HCWs in —15; 24 of these had recommendations in place to vaccinate all HCWs; four recommended vaccination only for certain HCWs.
Peramivir is a selective inhibitor of influenza A and B neuraminidases and a potent inhibitor of viral replication in cell culture [ 23 ].
2007-2008 Influenza (Flu) Season
A high level of viral replication over a sustained period predicts increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated adjuvanted whole-virion influenza A H5N1 vaccine: October 6, Error processing SSI file.
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. Steady progress in vaccine development is being made, with several human studies reporting promising results and a rich pipeline of preclinical candidates. In terms of the influenza A H3N2 virus strain selection for the vaccine, in February ofthere were few influenza A H3N2 virus samples available to guide the selection of the H3N2 vaccine component.
This new methodology better takes into account shifts in the long term trends of the Cities data, and will be used in the upcoming influenza season to project the baseline and epidemic threshold values.
2007-08 U.S. INFLUENZA SEASON SUMMARY*
Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe. Each year, experts study thousands of flu virus samples from around the world to figure out which viruses are making people sick and how these viruses are changing. Because of the time constraints involved, this is necessary to facilitate the production of the greatest number of doses, especially because 2 doses of vaccine are likely to be needed.
This could be accomplished by using 1 clade for the first dose, and another, perhaps the actual pandemic virus, for the second dose. Seasonal influenza is estimated to cause ,—, deaths per year ifluenzs2007.
Annual report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme,
Seasonal influenza repogt a preventable infectious disease with mostly respiratory symptoms. Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Most importantly, international cooperation for pandemic preparedness has resulted in strategic surveillance and planning activities around the world. The counts above are of flu-associated deaths among children according to the flu season the deaths occur, not when they are reported to CDC.
The aim of this report was to summarise the information on seasonal influenza immunisation recommendations and vaccination coverage rates in the European Union EU and the European Economic Area EEA between — 08 and —15, a filuenza2007 of eight influenza seasons.
Seasonal ifluenza22007 vaccination in Europe — Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for eight influenza seasons — to — technical report 20 Jul Prevention and Control with Vaccines.
Activity in all nine regions peaked in early to late February. For more information about the vaccine strain selection process, visit Selecting the Viruses in the Influenza Flu Vaccine. From late March through May, when overall influenza activity was declining, more influenza B than influenza A viruses were reported. This plan contemplates mass distribution of face masks and taking other measures to preserve critical economic activities; it is constantly being refined via simulation exercises [ 27 ].
Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines for use in the — Northern Hemisphere influenza season. Flu activity peaked in mid-February and then decreased through the end of the flu season on May Use of amantadine or rimantidine is not recommended.
Infectious Diseases Society of America.
Clearly, much has been learned in the past year about our preparedness for an influenza pandemic, and much still remains to be done. In 16 of the last 20 U. All tested viruses were sensitive to zanamivir. Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe ifludnza2007 Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for and The first report of regional flu activity came from the West South Central region of the United States Texas during the first week of December.
A standardised questionnaire was developed for the first survey and made available online in January Related diseases and public health areas. Joint commission establishes infection control standard to address influenza vaccines for staff. Although these recommendations are based on the limited available evidence and the optimal dosage and duration of treatment are unknown [ 21 ], recent studies using a ferret model of H5N1 virus infection found that oseltamivir effectively decreased the mortality of the infection, inhibited reinfection, decreased ifluebza2007 level of inflammation, and blocked the spread of the virus to visceral organs [ 22 ].
Whitley; Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza: Seasonal influenza vaccines Seasonal influenza is a vaccine-preventable disease and annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza.
Email alerts New issue alert. Pandemic severity index [ 34 ].